Growing from Cuttings


The most common way to propagate plants without seeds (that is, by vegetative reproduction) is by taking cuttings. This is a useful way to reproduce plants that do not come true from seed, and is a good means of sharing plants between gardening friends.

In this section, we take a look at the three major types of cutting: stem, leaf and root. Stem cuttings produce roots directly from the stem itself or from the wound-healing tissue (callus) that develops at its base, whilst leaf cuttings produce roots from near their veins.

Stem cuttings can also be further broken down into three groups according to the season the cutting is taken, and the maturity of the parent plant. In general, perennials and small shrubs are propagated by softwood cuttings, whilst roses, larger shrubs and trees are propagated by semi-ripe and hardwood cuttings.

Softwood Stem Cuttings
A step-by-step guide to taking stem-tip cuttings from perennials and small shrubs.
Semi-Ripe Stem Cuttings
How to take a heel cutting.
Hardwood Stem Cuttings
A look at the best way to take evergreen or deciduous cuttings to propagate in a cold frame or in the garden.
Propagating Stem Cuttings
Some advice on stem cutting propagation: when to take cuttings, the growing environment and care of new cuttings.
Leaf Cuttings
Advice on propagating plants with thick fleshy leaves by scored leaf cuttings or leaf stalk.
Root Cuttings
Some handy hints on growing herbaceous perennials using cuttings taken from their roots.
Tips for Growing Cuttings
Advice and information on taking cuttings vegetative propagation.